The uniqueness of Islam and Cultural Java Interactions [1]

By: Prof.. Dr. Simuh

(Launched at the Seminar on Islamic Influence On Culture of Java, 31 November 2000)

From the description in passing on the front, imagine that there is no significant clash between Islam and Javanese culture. Even between the two sides seem to support each other and need each other. The Islamic missionaries who generally led the Sufis do not have the science to govern and do not want to take the government from the hands of Javanese kings.

They just need protection or assistance from the government. Similarly, the kings of Java really need the support of Muslims since the end of the Majapahit kingdom has been a real strength. For public boarding school, religion is the value of the number one and everything; instead of rulers and supporters of Javanese culture literature, position and political power are the number one and everything.

For supporters of the literary culture centered Kejawen environment Javanese kingdoms in the interior area, religion is number two. What religion does not matter as long as you used to strengthen their position and their political power. So after Sultan Agung pesisiran empire broke the pesantren community support, quickly realized the need to set a cultural strategy to connect the two cultural environments. Cultural environment, namely the literary culture of the pesantren with Arabic religious and cultural environment with literary Kejawen Javanese culture centered in the palace environment Javanese kingdoms. Strategies for and incorporate Islamic elements in the center of Javanese culture in Javanese culture change begins with the calculation based on the Saka year journey of the sun, the calculations are based on Java-year-month journey, and adapted to the calculation Hijri. Weekly Islamic consisting of seven days, integrated with Java Weekly consisting of five daily, the Wage Monday, Tuesday Kliwon, and so on. Thus the name of the months of Java tailored to the Islamic month names, the Sura, Mulud, and so on. Continue reading