24 Rekor dunia Indonesia yang tidak Dimiliki Negara Manapun!!

Disamping beberapa kekurangan yang sering melekat di tanah air kita Indonesia, namun ada puluhan rekor dunia yang patut kita banggakan sebagai warga negara Indonesia karena sampai saat ini blom ada yang mampu memecahkan rekor tersebut dari Indonesia.

Berikut daftar 24 rekor dunia yang dimiliki Indonesia.

  1. Republik Indonesia merupakan Negara kepulauan terbesar di dunia yang terdiri dari 17.504 pulau (termasuk 9.634 pulau yang belum diberi nama dan 6.000 pulau yang tidak berpenghuni).
  2. Disini ada 3 dari 6 pulau terbesar didunia, yaitu : Kalimantan (pulau terbesar ketiga di dunia dgn luas 539.460 km2), Sumatera (473.606 km2) dan Papua (421.981 km2)
  3. Indonesia adalah Negara maritim terbesar di dunia dengan perairan seluas 93 ribu km2 dan panjang pantai sekitar 81 ribu km2 atau hampir 25% panjang pantai di dunia. Continue reading

BlackBerry Playbook Hadir di Indonesia Mei

Jakarta – Research in Motion (RIM) belum mau membocorkan jadwal peluncuran BlackBerry Playbook di Indonesia. Namun jika melihat time schedule dari RIM, hampir bisa dipastikan tablet PC itu akan hadir Mei 2011 mendatang.

Playbook sendiri, kata Arun Verma, Platform Evangelist dari RIM baru akan resmi diluncurkan di Amerika Utara 19 April mendatang. Setelah itu, baru kemudian di negara-negara lainnya.

“Untuk di Indonesia, kami belum mau komen. Jika saatnya tiba, pasti akan kami beritahu semua, mulai dari kapan tanggal peluncurannya hingga berapa harganya. Tunggu saja, tak lama lagi, kok,” kata dia di sela media briefing di Hotel Four Seasons, Jakarta, Rabu (23/3/2011). Continue reading

faktor penyebab Indonesia sulit tegas terhadap Malaysia

Ada analisis menarik dari pengamat militer Universitas Indonesia, Andy Wijayanto, mengenai kemungkinan terjadinya perang terbuka antara Indonesia dan Malaysia di daerah konflik perairan Blok Ambalat. Bila Jakarta mengumumkan perang terbuka dengan negara tetangga kita itu, Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono harus memperhitungkan aliansi negara yang akan mendukung negeri jiran tersebut dalam konfrontasi.
Andy mengungkapkan, Malaysia memiliki sistem aliansi pertahanan dengan Inggris, Australia, Singapura, serta Selandia Baru. Aliansi itu disebut sebagai Five Power Defense Agreement (FPDA). Salah satu kesepakatan negara-negara FPDA adalah klausul bahwa serangan terhadap salah satu negara anggota merupakan serangan pula terhadap negara anggota lainnya.
“Malaysia tinggal meminta klausul itu diaktifkan. Bila disepakati, berarti negara kita harus siap berperang juga dengan Inggris, Australia, Singapura, serta Selandia Baru yang mempunyai kekuatan tempur jauh lebih kuat dan canggih,” jelasnya setelah diskusi tentang RUU Pertahanan dan Keamanan.
Dari situs resmi British High Commission, Kuala Lumpur, diketahui bahwa FPDA berdiri pada 1971 sebagai lembaga konsultasi dan antisipasi serangan terhadap Singapura serta Malaysia. Saat peringatan 30 tahun FPDA pada November 2001, kelima negara anggotanya sepakat membentuk suatu kerja sama jangka panjang. Salah satunya, perjanjian saling dukung bila ada negara anggotanya yang diserang negara lain. Tahun ini, FPDA memfokuskan tinjauannya pada maritime security. Dengan fokus tersebut, kemungkinan empat negara lainnya untuk mendukung Malaysia dalam konfrontasi dengan Indonesia menjadi lebih besar.
Tidak itu saja. Bila dalam konfrontasi nanti negara kita berhadapan dengan Inggris, negara tersebut sangat mungkin meminta artikel lima NATO (Pakta Pertahanan Atlantik Utara) diaktifkan. Artikel lima NATO serupa dengan klausul perjanjian FPDA yang intinya menyatakan, serangan yang dialami salah satu negara anggota dianggap sebagai serangan terhadap negara-negara anggota lainnya dan harus dihadapi bersama. Sehingga, konfrontasi dengan Malaysia bisa melebar serta membuat Indonesia harus berhadapan dengan negara-negara anggota NATO.
“Jadi, efeknya akan beruntun. Itulah yang harus diperhitungkan masak-masak oleh Presiden SBY sebelum mendeklarasikan konfrontasi dengan Malaysia. Rakyat pun harus memahami hal ini supaya tidak gelap mata mendesak perang dengan Malaysia,” tegas Andy.
selain itu sy mengambil perbandingan antara angkatan Militer Malaysia dan Indonesia
~MALAYSIA~
Militer Negeri Jiran itu bernama Tentara Diraja Malaysia. Pada awal pembentukannya, peralatan militer buatan Inggris banyak dipakai negara ini. Kini mereka menggunakan peralatan dari sejumlah negara, termasuk pesawat buatan Indonesia.

1. Kapal Perang
– Satu kapal penyelam dilengkapi meriam 20 mm
– Dua kapal cepat pengangkut pasukan
– Empat kapal patroli buatan Prancis ber-rudal Exocet MM38 dan meriam Bofors
– 24 kapal perang yang berpangkalan di empat tempat: Lumut, Sandakan Sabah, Kuantan, dan Labuan. KD Kerambit yang berada di sekitar Ambalat merupakan salah satu kapan yang berpangkalan di Sandakan, Sabah.
– Dua kapal patroli buatan Korea Selatan yang dilengkapi meriam 100 mm Creusot Loire, 30 mm Emerlac, dan senjata penangkis antikapal selam. Kapal ini berpangkalan di Kuantan/
– Empat kapal buatan Swedia dilengkapi rudal MM38 Exocet, 57 mm Bofors, dan 40 mm Bofors berpangkalan.
– Empat kapal Frigate, dua di antaranya dibeli bekas dari Angkatan Laut Kerajaan Inggris.
– Enam kapal Corvette buatan Jerman – Empat kapal patroli penangkis ranjau buatan Italia
– Dua kapal Multi Purpose Command and Support Ship buatan Jerman dan Korea Selatan
– Satu kapal Sealift
– Dua kapal Hydro
2. Pesawat Tempur
– F-5 E – Hawk MK108 berpangkalan di Alor Setar, Kuantan, dan Labuan
– Hawk MK-208 berpangkalan di Alor Setar, Kuantan, dan Labuan
– Delapan F/A-18D berpangkalan di Alor Setar
– Mig-29 berpangkalan di Kuantan
– SU-30 berpangkalan di Kuantan
– F-28 berpangkalan di Kuala Lumpur
– Falcon berpangkalan di Kuala Lumpur – Beech 200T berpangkalan di Kuala Lumpur
– C-130H berpangkalan di Kuala Lumpur
– CN-235 berpangkalan di Kuala Lumpur
– S61A-4 berpangkalan di Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, dan Labuan
– AS61N-1 berpangkalan di Kuala Lumpur
– S70A-34 berpangkalan di Kuala Lumpur Personel
3. Jumlah prajurit semua angkatan: 196.042 (2002)
– Anggaran militer per tahun: US1,69 triliun (2,03 persen GDP)
~INDONESIA~
Embargo pembelian peralatan militer dari Amerika membuat rontok sejumlah peralatan militer Indonesia. Pesawat tempur terbaru, Sukhoi SU-27 SK dan SU-30 MK buatan Rusia, pun masih ompong tak punya senjata. Adapun dari 12 pesawat tempur “andalan”, F-16, dua di antaranya sudah jatuh dan hanya delapan siap terbang.
1. Pesawat dan Heli
– Delapan Hawk MK 109 berpangkalan di Pekanbaru, Pontianak
– 32 Hawk MK 209 berpangkalan di Pekanbaru, Pontianak
– Enam CN235 berpangkalan di Halim
– Delapan F27-400M berpangkalan di Halim
– SF260MS/WS berpangkalan di Halim
– B707-3MIC
– Tujuh pesawat F27-400M
– F28-1000/3000
– L100-30
– C-130H-30 berpangkalan di Halim
– NAS332L1
– L100-30
– EC-120B
– 12 unit Heli Bell 47G-3B-1 berpangkalan di Kalijati
– Lima F-16A berpangkalan di Madiun
– Lima F-16B berpangkalan di Madiun
– F-5E berpangkalan di Madiun
– F-5F berpangkalan di Madiun
– Hawk Mk53 berpangkalan di Madiun
– dua Su-27SK berpangkalan di Makassar
– dua Su-30MK berpangkalan di Makassar
– NC212M-100/200 berpangkalan di Malang
– Ce 401A berpangkalan di Malang
– Ce 402A berpangkalan di Malang
– 10 Pesawat Bronco OV-10F di Malang Kapal Perang
– 114 armada berbagai jenis (sepertiganya untuk operasi rutin, sepertiga untuk latihan, dan sisanya untuk pemeliharaan) Personel
2. Jumlah prajurit (semua angkatan): 250 ribu orang
Anggaran militer per tahun: US$ 1 triliun (1,3 persen GDP)
inilah beberapa alasan yang mendasari bangsa ini tidak bisa bersifat tegas apa lagi menyatakan perang terhadap Malaysia..apakah dengan hanya sebuah alasan itu kita membiarkan KEDAULATAN kita dipermainkan oleh Malaysia..?pertanyaan besar buat kita SAMPAI KAPAN..??

source: http://ujung-bumi.blogspot.com/2010/08/inilah-alasan-mengapa-indonesia-tidak.html

Staf Khusus Presiden: Tak Patut Pemerintah Dinyatakan Gagal

Kamis, 28/01/2010 19:54 WIB

Luhur Hertanto – detikNews


Jakarta – Capaian paling nyata dari program 100 Hari Pertama Pemerintahan SBY-Boediono adalah perluasan cakupan program-program pro-rakyat. Maka sangat tidak tepat bila tudingan yang menyebutkan bahwa pemerintahan SBY-Boediono telah gagal.

“Alangkah tidak patut jika elit politik menyatakan pemerintah telah gagal dalam 100 hari ini,” ujar Velix V Wanggai, Staf Khusus Presiden Bidang Pembangunan Daerah dan Otonomi Daerah, Kamis (28/1/2010).

Di temui di sela peresmian PLTU Labuan, Pandeglang, Banten, putra asli Papua ini menyebutkan sejumlah kebijakan yang merupakan perluasan cakupan program pro-rakyat di masing-masing kementrian. Di antaranya adalah perluasan penerima KUR, Jamkesnas, sertifikasi tanah rakyat (Larasita) dan kenaikan alokasi dana agunan untuk PNPM Mandiri di seluruh daerah.

“Untuk program Raskin sekarang para nelayan kecil juga mendapatkannya di saat cuaca tidak memungkinkan untuk melaut. Selama 14 hari diberikan beras 2 kg per hari,” papar Velix.

Perluasan cakupan program pro-rakyat yang ditetapkan dalam 100 Hari Pertama itu, menurutnya merupakan landasan untuk pelaksanannya program bersangkutan lima tahun ke depan. Seluruhnya merupakan langkah strategis untuk kelangsungan pelaksanaan yang lebih baik.

“Termasuk memasukkan pendekatan wilayah menjadi mainstreaming dalam pembangunan sektor-sektor,” pungkasnya.
(lh/ape)

Muslim attitudes toward HIV / AIDS

HIV / AIDS is a contagious disease that is dangerous, where he has threatened human existence in the world and can happen to anyone regardless of age and profession. Therefore, HIV / AIDS assessed as Al-Dhaar Al-‘Amm (global risk)

Euthanasia

Euthanasia is not justified for AIDS patients, both passive and aktif30 euthanasia. As dalildalilnya are:

Life and death are in God’s hands.

Word of God Almighty that means:

“God who made the dead and alive, so he tests you, whoever among you a better charity” (Al-Mulk: 2)
Continue reading

In the Islamic guidance to be, hang out and treat people with HIV / AIDS in Indonesia

As a religion whose teachings of grace for the inhabitants of this world (rahmatan li ‘alamin), Islam has provided guidance-guidance for its adherents. Islam is full of guidance to avoid the disease, as well as guidance for the full care and treat sick people well. ‘Al-maridh Iyadh very encouraged by Islam is not only meant to see the sick, as understood during the time, but also means caring for and treating the sick.

People who are sick, why should any still be getting a special place in Muslim society. In a Hadith Qudsi Allah says:

“O my servants, I was ‘sick’ but you do not want to visit and care for me. Servant replied, “how I can see and take care of YOU while you are Rabbul ‘Alamin?”. God answered: “a servant of my pain, if you visit and take care of you will find me there”.

In this hadith of Allah SWT. Has placed the position of people who are sick as if Allaah own sick. This means that humans are required to always consider the people who are sick with providing assistance both morally and materially, so that they are not isolated, particularly from the community morally. Meanwhile, the teachings of Islam are also loaded with a guide to avoiding things that are harmful, let alone the potential for disease spread. Prophet Muhammad emphasized:

Meaning:

“No self harm, and should not harm others”

Meaning:

“The danger must be eliminated”

even if there are two factors of attraction between the hazard (losses) and interest (profit), then the priority is to eliminate the danger. Fiqh rule tells us:

Meaning:

“Avoiding that damages should take precedence over seeking the benefits”

therefore, without compromising good treatment to people who are sick, Islam teaches us to beware, and avoid the possibility of disease transmission from these sick people.

HIV / AIDS of which around 80% – 90% of the cause is adultery, is a very dangerous disease, especially for people who have morals are not terpuji28. Inimerupakan disease calamity that can befall anyone, including people who berakhlakul Karimah. Disaster-affected people is not necessarily a result of the sins he had done, but it may be the victim of other people act.

When approximately 80% – 90% of the causes of HIV / AIDS is an act of adultery, the efforts to combat HIV / AIDS is the most effective is to eliminate the cause itself is fornication. As mentioned above, the Prophet Muhammad. Says that:

“If adultery and usury has become common action in a country, then it means the country’s population has been justifying (invited) punishment of God” 29

therefore the principle of “maintaining better than cure” also means eliminating for better than cure diseases caused by such cause.

Islamic exhortation to observe and treat well the people who are sick also includes those who are ill affected by HIV / AIDS. But of course, do not get good treatment it would give others who are not infected with HIV / AIDS became infected with HIV / AIDS. This is not justified in Islam. Fiqh rule states:

Meaning:

“The danger should not be eliminated by bringing another danger”

therefore required the efforts of great wisdom that people with HIV / AIDS can be treated, untreated and treated humanely, but not to sacrifice others to become HIV / AIDS are new. This policy will be needed because as human beings, people with HIV / AIDSakan always relate to others, for example, when an adult she needs to get married, when the dead body needs to get treatment and so forth.

BUDIDAYA TANAMAN LADA (Piper nigrum Linn) SECARA VELTKULTUR

Lada (Piper nigrum Linn) merupakan tanaman rempahrempah yang berasal dari Ghat Barat, India. Sekarang banyak ditanam di Indonesia, lebih dari 80% hasil lada Indonesia merupakan komoditas ekspor. Agar dapat bersaing di pasaran dunia, peningkatan kuantitas dan kualitas produksi lada menjadi tuntutan utama. Usaha untuk meningkatkan kuantitas dan kualitas produksi lada nasional antara lain dilakukan dengan strategi pemanfaatan potensi sumber daya dan pengembangan usaha tani lada.

Lada atau merica merupakan salah satu komoditas perdagangan dunia. Berdasarkan perkiraan tahun 1980, kebutuhan lada dunia pada tahun 2000 mencapai 280.000 ton, dengan asumsi konsumsi rata-rata 70 g per kapita per tahun. Pada waktu yang akan datang, permintaan (konsumsi) lada cenderung meningkat, sehingga lada memiliki prospek yang sangat baik. Lada yang dikenal dengan sebutan The King of Spice (Raja Rempah-Rempah) telah menjadi mata dagangan antar Negara (Rukmana, 2003). Continue reading

The uniqueness of Islam and Cultural Java Interactions [1]

By: Prof.. Dr. Simuh

(Launched at the Seminar on Islamic Influence On Culture of Java, 31 November 2000)

From the description in passing on the front, imagine that there is no significant clash between Islam and Javanese culture. Even between the two sides seem to support each other and need each other. The Islamic missionaries who generally led the Sufis do not have the science to govern and do not want to take the government from the hands of Javanese kings.

They just need protection or assistance from the government. Similarly, the kings of Java really need the support of Muslims since the end of the Majapahit kingdom has been a real strength. For public boarding school, religion is the value of the number one and everything; instead of rulers and supporters of Javanese culture literature, position and political power are the number one and everything.

For supporters of the literary culture centered Kejawen environment Javanese kingdoms in the interior area, religion is number two. What religion does not matter as long as you used to strengthen their position and their political power. So after Sultan Agung pesisiran empire broke the pesantren community support, quickly realized the need to set a cultural strategy to connect the two cultural environments. Cultural environment, namely the literary culture of the pesantren with Arabic religious and cultural environment with literary Kejawen Javanese culture centered in the palace environment Javanese kingdoms. Strategies for and incorporate Islamic elements in the center of Javanese culture in Javanese culture change begins with the calculation based on the Saka year journey of the sun, the calculations are based on Java-year-month journey, and adapted to the calculation Hijri. Weekly Islamic consisting of seven days, integrated with Java Weekly consisting of five daily, the Wage Monday, Tuesday Kliwon, and so on. Thus the name of the months of Java tailored to the Islamic month names, the Sura, Mulud, and so on. Continue reading

Intellectual and Cultural Influence of Hinduism and Culture Priyayi growth.

Taken from the writings of Prof. DR Simuh – year 2000

Koentjacaraningrat says as follows:

The oldest evidence for the existence of the countries of the Hindu Javanese inscriptions from the stones found on the north coast of  West Java, approximately 60 kilometers east of Jakarta in the valley of the Cisadane river. Although there is no date on the plaque, but the views from the shape and style of South Indian characters of his writings can be seen that the stele is a description of a ceremony conducted by a king to celebrate the inauguration of the irrigation and construction of religious buildings in the 4th century AD. This is the King of Indonesia who try to imitate the Indian lifestyle, using Hindu names and invite people from the Indian Brahmins as consultants who can introduce intellectual and literary culture in the Hindu palace (Coedes 1948). He seems to get clues from the Brahmin is the royal ceremonial organization, as the basis of a system that kingdom ruled by a king is sacred. Hindu intellectual culture that may have dominated almost all of  Southeast Asia at the time, but the biggest influence on the community court, while the Hindu concepts only slightly affected farming communities in rural areas, which probably means his life has not changed much since many centuries ago . (Koentjaraningrat, Culture of Java, page.38).

The quotation above shows that the 4th century AD the Javanese ethnic group has known letters and intellectual culture of  South India. And intellectual culture of India with the state philosophy and mythology gods have been tapped to expand the power of the king and gentleman scholar delivery layer and the environment court. So in the nineteenth century to the 8th and 9th of how emerging intellectual culture Kejawen appear in reliefs of religious buildings of Borobudur and Prambanan temples, which are wonders of the world. That scholars who picked up the ball Java, tapping and processing elements of Hinduism for the development of culture and refining Kejawen culture.

That the influence of Hinduism ‘teresapi’ in depth is the top layer; the gentleman in the neighborhood culture palace Javanese kingdoms; ‘pedesan’ The farming communities remained in the darkness of illiteracy and customs on the basis of long-animist religious dynamism. One thing to note in this review, that Hinduism has a parallel premise in line with religious or animist-dynamism. Namely that human beings can establish a direct relationship with the gods and spirits smooth. Even with the behavior tapa (continence Brata) people can be powerful and have united with god. So the influence of Hinduism actually nourish and enhance shamans behavior concerns the influence of spirits and supernatural power.

Perwayangan literature (Mahabharata and Ramayana) that developed in the kingdoms of East Java demonstrated a direct relationship between humans and the gods.

In literature ‘perwayangan’ demonstrated that people can be possessed by the spirit and the embodiment of god, such as the god Vishnu nitis in Krishna, the god incarnate Komojoyo in Harjuna, and so on. This is certainly in line with the basic idea of animism, dynamism possessed or possessed by spirits or ‘kesurupan’. So-certia mythological story of the gods of Hindu mythology and heroic characters perwayangan is refining and enhancing cultural Kejawen environment based on the court. So Kejawen Hindu culture is like the hills that rose in the middle of the valley of the traditional culture of peasant communities that only a thin touched intellectual culture of Hinduism.

Intellectual culture of Hindu-Buddhist who intercepted and processed by the scholars of Java’s mystical philosophy culminated in the pantheis. That is the view that man is a little universe, and is a reflection or a miniature of the universe gedhe (the universe) and God (Brahman). The main characteristic of any mystical belief must be fostered in the form of mythological and guruisme educational system. So mystical Hinduism and Buddhism to support strengthening the authority of the kings of Java with the concept of god King Titising (Godking). Similarly, in the mythological epic Mahabharata and Ramayana are utilized as the ancestors of the Javanese kings is the most effective weapon for political power mengkeramatkan kings and their palaces priyayi Java environments. Perwayangan mythology is the finest facilities and most efficient way to expand the power and sanctity propagandize the King and the gentleman class main supporters.

So easy to imagine that the philosophy of mystical and mythological stories rooted in a culture very Kejawen very expressive, which they value very fine and noble adi.

Islam began to spread to Indonesia since the 13th century AD, it was initially difficult to penetrate and be accepted within the great traditions of Hindu culture Kejawen, centered in the royal palace interior. Therefore forced to start by crawling Islamkan to rural farming communities, especially along the northern coast of Java island. Rural areas which had been a small tradition with illiterate people can finally conjured a great tradition of cultural match for Hindu-Javanese beliefs. Ie, by developing a culture of religious literature, especially Arabic-speaking. The oldest Java Script can be saved by Dutch shipping, the scientific discussion later known as Het Boek van Bonang. Islamic manuscripts written in Tuban estimated in the 16th century AD It mentioned that the source of the Ihya ” Ulum al-Din and Tauhid. So the book Ihya ‘which is the book of the greatest mysticism and Masyur been known in Java in the 16th century. So it is easy to imagine that the 16th century it was both politically (the establishment of Islamic kingdom in Java, Demak), or in the literary culture of the pesantren, has a great tradition of Hindu culture match for Kejawen majapahit based in that period. Even then the Majapahit kingdom fell and the political power shifted to Java-Islamic kingdom of Demak.

Historically, Islam came and spread to Indonesia’s Muslims have been influenced by the mystical teachings. Sufi Islam that is not syarr’i Sunni Islam. Indeed since the 13th century, ie since the decline of the greatness of the city of Baghdad as the cultural center of Sunni Islam (Syari’i) the dominance bermulalah Sufi Islam. Because of the spread of Islam to Indonesia is the Sufis, the Islamic religious teachings have certainly had dimistikkan this premise that parallel to the original religion of animism and dynamism. Even with the teachings of Hindu-Javanese beliefs culture developed by the Javanese kingdoms inland, equally mystical, certainly have a consistent rationale. Namely, that humans can establish a direct relationship with the powers and supernatural spirits. Even in the mystical through contemplation or through the medium of human remembrance can be said makrifat (as opposed to God) or even could have united (united) returned with his God. So there is no problem for rural farmers to enhance their worship of the unseen spirits to the spirit-guardians guardians of powerful magic, such as Sheikh Abdul Qadir al-Gilani, and others.

Similarly, adherents priyayi Kejawen cultural traditions no problem tapping and processing elements of the Islamic mystical philosophy to integrate with the cultural heritage of Hindu tradition-Kejawen. For them just to add and improve or replace the object mitologinya of Hindu gods to Wali-wali in Islam. Especially for the Java gentleman always been important and is the number one position or political power, and not religion. For their second religion; even for positions concurrently two religions does not matter. That is the attitude of the king grants to majapahit kings who proudly claimed to Shiva-Buddhist religions. Therefore, when power shifted from the kingdom of Majapahit to the Sultanate of Demak, Java poets immediately thrust the concept of transition time. Kabudan ie from the time (the time of Hindu-Javanese beliefs) to Kewalen time. Realization of this period of transition followed by the preparation of engineering Wali Sanga fairy tale story for Menganti mythology about Jawata (Chairman of the gods) Sanga of Java-Hindu era. So the interests of political power is absolute. Therefore, since the reign of Sultan Agung to the time of Surakarta, the effort to process the Islamic elements for the improvement and enrichment and refining the heritage of pre-Islamic culture is a strategy the palace of Mataram Kingdom.

This process Jawanisasi activities of Islamic elements, especially elements sufismenya, a cultural strategy of the poets and writers Mataram palace.

Mataram era was the peak of literary greatness Kejawen culture, of the moralist and the mythological character like “Babad Tanah Java”, “Babad Demak”, “Annals Giyanti”, “Fiber Ambiya”, “Tapel Adam”, and others. Anyway peak mystical literature and mythology of the most refined Javanese beliefs and a rich developed Mataram Period, such as various kinds of fiber Javanese mysticism, “Fiber Gatholoco”, “Wedhatama”, “Wulangreh”, “Centhini”, “Fiber Dewaruci”, and so on . Similarly, smooth top Javanese language and literature with character is the product of feudalism Mataram era; was mid-day and ancient Java, the language more simple and democratic. Since emerging subtleties that Javanese literature related to the loss of power in the era of colonialism Surakarta, the peak is very mystical literature and feudalism. This is compensated to maintain the prestige of the kings of Java. Ie through pengkeramatan, pemitosan by means of mystical concepts. So the Islamic Sciences or Kejawen Kejawen was very complex. Of animism, dynamism pedukunannya system, ie prewangan shamans or spirits possessed fine, until the mystical concepts of Hinduism, integrated into one. Pesantren community adopted many pagan traditions and beliefs with science-dynamism incantations or santetnya (tenungnya). Thus the Islamic culture Kejawen Hinduan The gentleman who developed the Java environment court, the traditions and animist beliefs, and mystical dynamism remains Kejawennya developed to support the establishment of the kingdom and authority gentleman class. Boarding school in the community tersusupi beliefs and traditions of animism, dynamism. In contrast, in the great tradition of culture that occurred Kejawen Jawanisasi process elements of Islam, especially sufismenya elements.

Islamic Culture and Islamic boarding Kejawen was inspired by the mysticism or Sufism. And the mystical culture of Sufism or is associated with black magic (occult). Pesantren and culture of this mystical Javanese beliefs being challenged and a new onslaught from two directions after the colonial government began to open education public schools since the mid-late 19th century AD. Public school education is to develop ways of thinking rationally and scientifically, which of course directly discredit and marginalize the mystical culture, whether boarding or a Javanese beliefs. Besides its influence in society led Pesantren Islamic reform movement that began to transform the Muhammadiyah movement in the year 1912 AD Islamic Reformation is the call back to the pure Sunni Islam on the basis of Qur’an and Sunnah.

That is reviving a scientific way of rational thinking to develop institutions of ijtihad. So the Islamic reformers reject the teachings of Sufism because votes become the source of innovation and development khufarat. And back to the pure Sunni schools of a premise of a rational and scientific, so the system quickly adapts to the modern Western education. So this reformist Islamic movement quickly produced cadres or sympathizers support from Muslim scholars who can speak on the great traditions environment, both in affairs (of) religious or general studies.

That the birth of modern science great new tradition based in universities. That gave birth to the community of scholars with the analytical tradition of critical thinking. So to be able to speak much in the tradition of new large, namely, in the scholar is able to master how to think analytically and critically. Mature science way of thinking and develop self-reliance. Democratic societies are also desperate for the maturity of thought and independence, for democracy precisely philosophy of individualism. From this perspective, it seems most people in Indonesia not ready for cultural industries and cultural democracy. This is clear since menyeruaknya riot and rampage during successive campaigns since the last general election, until goro-goro santhet problems in Banyuwangi.

Society still easily consumed by the issue and vigilante. Similarly, in the crowded, noisy rally in refornasi movement, still visible muscles and Waton match gedhe jegoge; and then followed the kidnappings and indicates the approach kekrasan vigilantism. Issues and the fury of the masses santhet vigilantism is rawannya indicates how the vast majority of Indonesian people, especially exactly in boarding centers made toys interest groups. This represents the largest part of state marginality of Muslims until the emotions and be easy fodder for the propagator of the issue.