Muslim attitudes toward HIV / AIDS

HIV / AIDS is a contagious disease that is dangerous, where he has threatened human existence in the world and can happen to anyone regardless of age and profession. Therefore, HIV / AIDS assessed as Al-Dhaar Al-‘Amm (global risk)


Euthanasia is not justified for AIDS patients, both passive and aktif30 euthanasia. As dalildalilnya are:

Life and death are in God’s hands.

Word of God Almighty that means:

“God who made the dead and alive, so he tests you, whoever among you a better charity” (Al-Mulk: 2)
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In the Islamic guidance to be, hang out and treat people with HIV / AIDS in Indonesia

As a religion whose teachings of grace for the inhabitants of this world (rahmatan li ‘alamin), Islam has provided guidance-guidance for its adherents. Islam is full of guidance to avoid the disease, as well as guidance for the full care and treat sick people well. ‘Al-maridh Iyadh very encouraged by Islam is not only meant to see the sick, as understood during the time, but also means caring for and treating the sick.

People who are sick, why should any still be getting a special place in Muslim society. In a Hadith Qudsi Allah says:

“O my servants, I was ‘sick’ but you do not want to visit and care for me. Servant replied, “how I can see and take care of YOU while you are Rabbul ‘Alamin?”. God answered: “a servant of my pain, if you visit and take care of you will find me there”.

In this hadith of Allah SWT. Has placed the position of people who are sick as if Allaah own sick. This means that humans are required to always consider the people who are sick with providing assistance both morally and materially, so that they are not isolated, particularly from the community morally. Meanwhile, the teachings of Islam are also loaded with a guide to avoiding things that are harmful, let alone the potential for disease spread. Prophet Muhammad emphasized:


“No self harm, and should not harm others”


“The danger must be eliminated”

even if there are two factors of attraction between the hazard (losses) and interest (profit), then the priority is to eliminate the danger. Fiqh rule tells us:


“Avoiding that damages should take precedence over seeking the benefits”

therefore, without compromising good treatment to people who are sick, Islam teaches us to beware, and avoid the possibility of disease transmission from these sick people.

HIV / AIDS of which around 80% – 90% of the cause is adultery, is a very dangerous disease, especially for people who have morals are not terpuji28. Inimerupakan disease calamity that can befall anyone, including people who berakhlakul Karimah. Disaster-affected people is not necessarily a result of the sins he had done, but it may be the victim of other people act.

When approximately 80% – 90% of the causes of HIV / AIDS is an act of adultery, the efforts to combat HIV / AIDS is the most effective is to eliminate the cause itself is fornication. As mentioned above, the Prophet Muhammad. Says that:

“If adultery and usury has become common action in a country, then it means the country’s population has been justifying (invited) punishment of God” 29

therefore the principle of “maintaining better than cure” also means eliminating for better than cure diseases caused by such cause.

Islamic exhortation to observe and treat well the people who are sick also includes those who are ill affected by HIV / AIDS. But of course, do not get good treatment it would give others who are not infected with HIV / AIDS became infected with HIV / AIDS. This is not justified in Islam. Fiqh rule states:


“The danger should not be eliminated by bringing another danger”

therefore required the efforts of great wisdom that people with HIV / AIDS can be treated, untreated and treated humanely, but not to sacrifice others to become HIV / AIDS are new. This policy will be needed because as human beings, people with HIV / AIDSakan always relate to others, for example, when an adult she needs to get married, when the dead body needs to get treatment and so forth.