HIV / AIDS is a contagious disease that is dangerous, where he has threatened human existence in the world and can happen to anyone regardless of age and profession. Therefore, HIV / AIDS assessed as Al-Dhaar Al-‘Amm (global risk)
Euthanasia is not justified for AIDS patients, both passive and aktif30 euthanasia. As dalildalilnya are:
Life and death are in God’s hands.
Word of God Almighty that means:
“God who made the dead and alive, so he tests you, whoever among you a better charity” (Al-Mulk: 2)
Islam forbids suicide and killing another person except with the right.
Word of God Almighty that means:
‘Do not you kill yourself for Allah is Most Merciful to you “(An-Nisaa’: 29)
Word of Allah SWT which means:
“And do not kill the soul which Allah forbidden (kill him) but with something (because) the right” (al-An’am: 151)
Islam ordered to seek treatment and prohibiting despair.
Word of the Prophet Muhammad. Which means:
“O servants of Allah! seek medical treatment! Verily Allah does not create the disease, but also the creation of the cure, except old age “31
Word of Allah SWT. which means:
“And do not despair of the mercy of God. Indeed there is no despair of the mercy of God, but the unbelievers “(Yusuf: 87)
Islam ordered for patience and resignation to face disasters.
Word of Allah SWT. which means:
“Patient of what happened to you. Indeed it includes such things that are required (by God) “(Luqman: 17)
Islam ordered many Istighfar and pray.
Wearing the argument to justify euthanasia benefits inappropriately, because of the conditions for using it as a postulate benefits syar’i should not conflict with the texts.
Use qiyas mengqiyaskan namely HIV / AIDS in pregnant women who endanger her unborn mother because the same potential emergency, is not appropriate, because for people living with HIV / AIDS has not met for emergency euthanasia action.
Transmit HIV / AIDS
Transmit HIV / AIDS is haraam. This is based on the Hadith Muhammad SAW. which means:
“Must not endanger themselves, and should not harm others”
Marital HIV / AIDS
Marriage between people living with HIV / AIDS with people who do not suffer from HIV / AIDS:
If HIV / AIDS was regarded as a disease that can not be cured (maradh eternal), is makrooh. Those in al-Akhyar Kifayah III 38 pages, which means the following. :
“The second condition is a man who has a marriage fee, but he does not need to marry, either because of inability to have intercourse because his penis off, or impotence or chronic illness and others. Such men are also makruh married “.
In Al Fiqh al-Islamiy wa Adillatuhu, VII, 32 pages, which means:
“According to the Shafii school, sick people like the elderly or chronically ill or impotent is not cured or lost balls and fruit so no longer lust, makruh married”
If HIV / AIDS was regarded as other than refractory disease (maradh enduring), also believed to harm others (tayaqun al-idhrar), it is haraam. In Al Fiqh al-Islamiy wa Adillatuhu, VII, 83 pages, which means:
“If a man who will marry convinced that marriage would impose menzhalimi and kemudharatan for women to be married, the marriage law is illegitimate”
Marriage between two people (male and female) who are both suffering from HIV / AIDS is permissible.
Fasah marriage because of HIV / AIDS
Disease of HIV / AIDS can be used as an excuse to demand a divorce, if one of the spouses suffered from the disease. As the basics are as follows:
No. Act. 1 of 1974, Article 39 of the explanation
PP. No. 1975 Article 9 years 19
Compilation of Islamic law
Continue the marriage for the husband-wife couples HIV / AIDS
If the couple or one of them suffering from HIV / AIDS, then they may agree to continue their marriage. evidence for this is the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad. Which means:
“Muslims are bound by their agreement, except for justifying the unlawful agreement or forbid the halal”
Wearing deterrent HIV / AIDS in sexual relationships
Husband or wife who suffered from HIV / AIDS in sexual relations must use the tools, drugs or methods that can prevent transmission of HIV / AIDS. Word of Muhammad SAW. Which means:
“No self harm, and should not harm others”
Besides the husband or wife who suffered from HIV / AIDS should try to not have offspring. If a mother suffers HIIV / AIDS pregnant then she should not be an abortion. The evidence is the Word of Allah SWT. which means:
“And do not kill your children for fear of poverty” (Al-Israa ‘: 31)
Women with HIV / AIDS who are pregnant because of adultery
Women with HIV / AIDS who are pregnant because she committed adultery should be treated properly in order to bring him to repentance. Word of Allah SWT. which means:
“And so we have to glorify the children and grandchildren of Adam” (Al-Israa ‘: 70)
Hadith of al-Ghamidiyah women who become pregnant because of adultery in which the Prophet ordered his guardians to do good to him.
“A woman from the Prophet facing Juhaniah and confessed to adultery. He said: “I’m pregnant”. Muhammad SAW and his guardian called the godmother said: “treat this woman with the best. After she gave birth to her baby later on, then bring it back to me “(Narrated by Muslim)
Pregnant women who suffer from HIV / AIDS due to injecting drug
Pregnant women who suffer from HIV / AIDS due to injection of drugs contaminated with HIV / AIDS are treated humanely, but should be made aware of the actions led to his sin and repent. As the argument is the proposition contained in the above-mentioned problems.
HIV / AIDS patients living in the family
It is recommended to families whose members suffer from HIV / AIDS to care for her in the middle of the family, and the necessary medical information to them in order to treat and can escape from the contagion. The evidence is the word of the Prophet Muhammad. which means:
“Sayanglah love to the people on earth, then that is in heaven for love to you”.
Circumcision for children with HIV / AIDS
Children who suffer from HIV / AIDS remains compulsory circumcision, as long as they do not endanger themselves, and the process of circumcision should be done by the medical teams / paramedics who are trained to avoid infection.
Helping people living with HIV / AIDS that accidents
HIV / AIDS patients who had an accident, for example, hit by a car on the highway, still must be helped to remain alert to the possibility of transmission by using pencegahnya tool.
Clearance corpse HIV / AIDS
HIV / AIDS patients who died mandatory managed as befits the body (bathing, and was buried dikafani). How to bathe should follow Health Department guidelines on the management bodies. In the case can not be washed as set forth in the Department of Health guidance, the corpse is still bathed as much as possible by spraying water.