MATHEMATICAL MIRACLES OF THE QUR’AN

NUMEROLOGICAL CALCULATIONS (ABJAD) IN THE QUR’AN

Every letter in the Arabic alphabet has a numerical (gematrical) value. In other words, in Arabic every letter stands for a number. A number of calculations can be made from this basis. These are referred to as numerological (abjad) calculations or “hisab al-jumal.”239 Muslims who took advantage of the fact that every letter of the alphabet represents a number have used this in a number of fields. Ilm’ul Jafr is one of these.

Jafr is the science of foretelling what is likely to happen in the future. One of the methods employed by people who engage in this is to compare symbolic forms and letters’ numerological values. The main difference between “abjad” and “jafr” methods is that the former refers to what has already taken place and the latter to what is likely to take place in the future.240

This method of calculation is a form of writing which goes back several centuries and which was widely used before the revelation of the Qur’an. Everything which happened in Arab history was written down by attributing numerical values to letters thus the date of every event was recorded. These dates were obtained by adding up the particular numerical values of every letter employed.

When certain verses of the Qur’an are examined in the light of the “abjad” method, we see that a number of dates emerge which are fully in accordance with the meanings of those verses. When we see that things referred to in these verses actually happened on the dates obtained by this method, we understand that there is a secret indication regarding those events in the verses. (Allah knows best.)

The 1969 Moon Landing is Indicated in the Qur’an

    The Hour has drawn near and the moon has split. (Qur’an, 54:1)

    The Arabic word “inshaqqa” (split) used in the above verse is derived from the word “shaqqa,” which can also be used to mean “causing something to rise, ploughing or digging the soil”:

    We pour down plentiful water, then split the earth into furrows. Then We make grain grow in it, and grapes and herbs and olives and dates and luxuriant gardens and orchards and meadows.
    (Qur’an, 80:25-31)

As we can see, the word “shaqqa” in the above verse is not being used in the sense of “dividing into two” but of “slicing through the soil, reaping various crops.” When evaluated in this sense, the meaning of the word “shaqqa” in the expression “the moon has split” (Qur’an, 54:1) can also be seen to be referring to the 1969 moon landing and the studies performed on the moon land. (Allah knows best.) In fact, there is another very important indication here: Some of the “abjad” values of certain words in this verse in Surat al-Qamar also point to the figure 1969.

One important point which needs to be stressed in this method of calculation is the likelihood of producing very large or irrelevant numbers. Despite the probability of a relevant number emerging being exceedingly small, it is striking that such a clear figure should result.

The Hour [has drawn near] and the moon has split.

Hijri: 1390, Gregorian: 1969

In 1969, American astronauts carried out research on the Moon, dug the soil up with various pieces of equipment, split it and carried specimens back to Earth.

We must, however, make it clear that the splitting of the Moon is of course one of the miracles given to our Prophet (saas) by Allah. This miracle is revealed thus in a hadith:

The people of Mecca asked Allah’s Apostle to show them a miracle. So he showed them the moon split in two halves between which they saw the Hiram’ mountain. (Sahih Bukhari)

The above miracle is the splitting of the Moon revealed in the verse. However, since the Qur’an is a Book that addresses all times, one may think of this verse as referring to the exploration of the Moon in our own day. (Allah knows best.)

THE MIRACLE OF 19 IN THE QUR’AN

Another mathematical miracle of the Qur’an is the manner in which the number 19 is numerologically encoded in verses. This number is stressed in the words of the Qur’an: “There are nineteen in charge of it.” (Qur’an, 74:30), and is encoded in various places in the Book. Some examples of this can be listed as follows:

The Formula consists of 19 letters.

1st letter
8th letter
15th letter
2nd letter
9th letter
16th letter
3rd letter
10th letter
17th letter
4th letter
11th letter
18th letter
5th letter
12th letter
19th letter
6th letter
13th letter
7th letter
14th letter

The Qur’an consists of 114 (19 x 6) Suras.

The first Sura to be revealed (Sura 96) is the 19th from the end.

The first verses of the Qur’an to be revealed are the first five verses of Sura 96 and the total number of words in these verses is 19.

5th word 4th word 3rd word 2nd word 1st word
.
9th word 8th word 7th word 6th word
.
12th word 11th word 10th word
. . 15th word 14th word 13th word
.
19th word 18th word 17th word 16th word

As we have seen, the first five verses consist of 19 words. The “ ” is a letter, not a word. Likewise, letters “ ” are not included in the calculation either.

The first Sura to be revealed, Surat al-‘Alaq, consists of 19 verses and 285 (19 x 15) letters.

Surat an-Nasr, the final Sura to be revealed, consists of a total of 19 words.

5th word 4th word 3rd word 2nd word 1st word
10th word 9th word 8th word 7th word 6th word
12th word 11th word
16th word 15th word 14th word 13th word
19th word 18th word 17th word

Furthermore, the first verse of Surat an-Nasr, which speaks of the help of Allah, contains 19 letters.

1st letter
8th letter
15th letter
2nd letter
9th letter
16th letter
3rd letter
10th letter
17th letter
4th letter
11th letter
18th letter
5th letter
12th letter
19th letter
6th letter
13th letter
7th letter
14th letter

There are 114 Formulas in the Qur’an or 19 x 6.

A total of 113 Suras in the Qur’an start with the formula. The only Sura not to start with one is the ninth, Surat at-Tawba. Surat an-Naml is the only Sura to have two formulas. One of these is at the beginning and the other in verse 30. Counting from Surat at-Tawba, which does not begin with the formula, Surat an-Naml follows 19 Suras on.

There is a formula at the beginning of the 27th Sura, Surat an-Naml, and in verse 30. There are thus two formulas in the 27th Sura. It is the formula in the 30th verse of the 27th Sura which completes the total of 114 formulas in the Qur’an. When we add together the number of the verse and the number of the Sura, 30 and 27, we find the number 57 (19 x 3).

The total number of Suras from Surat at-Tawba (9) to Surat an-Naml (27) is 342 (9 + 10 + 11 +12 +13 +14 +15 +16 + 17 + 18 + 19 + 20 + 21 + 22 + 23 + 24 + 25 + 26 + 27). That figure is 19 multiplied by 18.

The sum of all the occurrences of the name “Allah” in all the verses whose numbers are multiples of 19 (i.e., verses 19, 38, 57, 76, etc.) is 133, or 19 x 7.

The “abjad” value of the word “wahd” meaning “one” is 19. This word is used with various other words in the Qur’an, such as one door, one variety of food. It is used 19 times together with the name “Allah.”

(The Arabic letters are shown here without the accent marks)
Letters of the word “wahd”
Numerical Values of the Letters
V
A
H
D
6
1
8
4
Total abjad value of the word
19

The total of the Sura and verse numbers of the occasions when the word “wahd” appears 19 times is 361: (19 x 19).

The Arabic word “wahdahu,” meaning “worship only Allah,” appears in the verses 7:70, 39:45, 40:12, 40:84 and 60:4. When these figures are added up without numbers being repeated, the resulting total is 361 (19 x 19).

The number of verses between the first initial letters (Alif, Lam, Mim; Surat al-Baqara 1) and the final initial letters (Nun; Surat al-Qalam 1) is 5,263 (19 x 277).

There are 38 (19 x 2) Suras without initial letters between the first Sura which has initial letters and the last to have them.

The word “Rahman” (All-Merciful) appears 57 (19 x 3) times in the Qur’an.

Thirty different numbers are mentioned in the Qur’an.

1
7
19
70
1.000
2
8
20
80
2.000
3
9
30
99
3.000
4
10
40
100
5.000
5
11
50
200
50.000
6
12
60
300
100.000

The total of these numbers (again without taking repetitions into account) is 162,146. This is 19 x 8,534:

1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10 + 11 + 12 + 19 +20 + 30 + 40 + 50 + 60 + 70 + 80 + 99 + 100 + 200 + 300 + 1,000 + 2,000 + 3,000 + 5,000 + 50,000 + 100,000 = 162,146 (19 x 8,534).

In addition to these thirty numbers, the Qur’an also refers to eight fractions: 1/10, 1/8, 1/6, 1/5, 1/4, 1/3, 1/2 and 2/3. The Qur’an thus contains a total of 38 (19 x 2) different numbers.

The Sura from the beginning to possess 19 verses is Surat al-Infitar. Another feature of this Sura is that its final word is “Allah.” At the same time, this is the 19th appearance of the name “Allah” from the end.

The 50th Sura, which begins with the letter Qaf, contains a total of 57 (19 x 3) letters Qaf. There are also 57 letters Qaf in the 42nd Sura with a letter Qaf at the beginning. The 50th Sura contains 45 verses. Added together, these total 95 (19 x 5). There are 53 verses in the 42nd Sura. These again total 95 (42 + 53).

50th Sura
57 (19×3) Letter Qaf
42nd Sura
57 (19×3) Letter Qaf
50th Sura
45th verse
50+45=95 (19×5)
42nd Sura
53rd verse
42+53=95 (19×5)

The abjad value of the word “Majeed,” used for the Qur’an, in the first verse of Surah Qaf is 57 (19 x 3). As we have stated above, the total number of letters Qaf is also 57.

When we add together the number of times that the letter Qaf appears in the Qur’an, we reach a total of 798 (19 x 42). Forty-two is the number of another Sura with Qaf among its initial letters.

The letter Nun appears at the beginning of only the 68th Sura. The total number of times it appears in that Sura is 133 (19 x 7).

When we add together the number of verses (including the formulas) in Suras the number of which are multiples of 19, the following is noteworthy:

SURA NUMBER
NUMBER OF VERSES
19×1
19th Sura
99
19×2
38th Sura
89
19×3
57th Sura
30
19×4
76th Sura
32
19×5
95th Sura
9
19×6
114th Sura
7
TOTAL
=266 (19×4)

The letters Ya and Sin appear at the beginning of Surah Ya Sin. The letter Sin appears 48 times in Surah Ya Sin and the letter Ya 237 times. The total of these letters is 285 (19 x 15).

Only one Sura, the seventh, begins with the initial letters “Alif, Lam, Mim, Sad.” The letter Alif appears in this Sura 2,529 times, the letter Lam 1,530 times, the letter Mim 1,164 times and the letter Sad 97 times. These four letters thus appear a total of 2,529 + 1,530 + 1,164 + 97 times, or 5,320 (19 x 280) times.

The letters Alif, Lam and Mim are the most frequently used letters in Arabic. They appear together at the beginning of six Suras: numbers 2, 3, 29, 30, 31 and 32. The number of times these three letters appear in each of these six Suras is a multiple of 19. In order: 9,899 (19 x 521), 5,662 (19 x 298), 1,672 (19 x 88), 1,254 (19 x 66) and 817 (19 x 43). The total number of times all these three letters appear in the six Suras is 19,874 (19 x 1,046).

The initial letters Alif, Lam and Ra appear in Suras 10, 11, 12, 14 and 15. The total number of times these letters appear in these Suras is 2,489 (19 x 131), 2,489 (19 x 131), 2,375 (19 x 125), 1,197 (19 x 63) and 912 (19 x 48).

The frequency with which the initial letters Alif, Lam, Mim and Ra appear is 1,482 (19 x 78) in total. The letter Alif appears 605 times, Lam 480 times, Mim 260 times and Ra 137 times.

The initial letters Qaf, Ha, Ya, ‘Ayn and Sad appear in only one Sura, the 19th. The letter Qaf appears 137 times in this Sura, Ha 175 times, Ya 343 times, ‘Ayn 117 times and Sad 26 times. The total number of appearances of these five letters is 137 + 175 + 343 + 117 + 26 = 798 (19 x 42).

Other findings on this subject include:

In the whole of the Qur’an,

– the word “atee” (obey!) appears 19 times,

– the words “Abd” (servant), “abid” (a person who serves) and “abudu” (worship) appear a total of 152 (19 x 8) times,

The numerical abjad values of some of the names of Allah given below are also multiples of 19:

Al-Wahid (The One) 19 (19 x 1)

Aj-Jami (The Gatherer) 114 (19 x 6)

19: AN EXTRAORDINARY NUMBER

The number 19 is the total of the numbers 9 and 10 to the power of 1. The difference between the numbers 9 and 10 to the power of 2 is again 19.

101

102

10+9

100 – 81

19

19

The Sun, Moon and Earth line up in the same relative positions once every 19 years.241

Halley’s Comet passes through the Solar System once every 76 years (19 x 4).242

There are 209 (19 x 11) bones in the human body.243 The number of bones in the human hand is 19.244

The place of the number 19 in the Pascal triangle

The total of the first 19 figures in the Pascal triangle is 38 (19 x 2).


Pascal’s triangle is an arithmetical one used in algebra and probability calculations.

The total of the first 19 numbers in the Pascal triangle is 57 (19 x 3).


Figure 2: The first 19 figures

Conclusion:

The total of the first 19 figures is a multiple of 19.

The total of the first 19 numbers is a multiple of 19.

The connection between the number 19 and the Pascal triangle with regard to the revelation sequence of the Qur’anic verses

The 96th Sura, the first revealed, comes 19 before the end. It consists of 19 verses and contains a total of 285 letters (19 x 15). The first five verses of the revelation contain 76 (19 x 4) letters.

The first verses of the 68th Sura, the second to be revealed, consist of 38 (19 x 2) words.

The third revelation, the 73rd Sura, contains 57 (19 x 3) words.

HALLEY’S COMET AND 76 YEARS

One of the greatest developments in modern astronomy is the discovery of Halley’s Comet. The 18th-century scientist Edmund Halley discovered that the comet comes around every 76 years. With that discovery, Halley established that comets have astronomical orbits.

The name “Halley” by which the comet is known, appears in a most striking way in verse 76 of Surat al-An’am in the Qur’an:

When night covered him he saw a star and said, ‘This is my Lord!’ Then when it set he said, “I do not love what sets.” (Sura An’am, 76)

The letters that make up the word “Halley” appear for the first time in the Qur’an in this verse. Furthermore, the reference to a “setting” star is highly significant. What is more, the Arabic word “kawkaban,” meaning “star,” appears right next to the letters comprising “Halley.”

76, the number of the related verse, on the other hand, may indicate 76 years, which is Halley’s orbital period. (Allah knows the truth.) The verse number 76 represents the Halley comet; because Halley becomes visible from the Earth every 76 years. That is to say, its orbital period is 76. For this reason, that Halley is mentioned for the first time in the Qur’an in the 76th verse is a miracle of Allah

HEMOGLOBIN AND IRON

At the time the Qur’an was revealed, nobody was aware of the molecule hemoglobin and there was no such medical term in existence. Hemoglobin, which transports oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood in our bodies and that gives blood its red color, was only discovered in the 19th century.

Hemoglobin forms thanks to the element iron (Fe) in our bodies and is of vital importance to the performance of vital functions. The element iron (Fe) present in the middle of hemoglobin binds itself to oxygen and thus carries oxygen in the blood. For that reason, the hemoglobin molecule can be considered together with the element iron.

In verse 25 of Surat al-Fath, the letters comprising the words Fe (iron) and hemoglobin miraculously appear side by side. In addition, the letters comprising hemoglobin do not appear side by side in any other verse. This exceptional circumstance is one of the proofs of the Creation of Almighty Allah, the Lord of the past and future, He who is unfettered by time.

* The word hemoglobin is written almost the same in Turkish, Arabic, English and other languages. The letters comprising the word hemoglobin appear side by side from left to right.

SAND DUNES AND THE PLANET MARS

The word “Ahqaf,” one of the Surah of the Qur’an, literally means “sand dunes.” In astronomy, one of the first characteristics that come to mind when the planet Mars is mentioned is the giant collections of sand, or giant “sand dunes” on its surface. These make Mars different to the other planets.

An examination of the sequence of letters in verse 23 of Surat al-Ahqaf shows that the Arabic letters Mim, Alif, Ra and Sin appears side by side to make the word Mars.

The way these letters appear in Surat al-Ahqaf, a word meaning “sand dunes,” one of the most striking features of the planet Mars, is highly noteworthy. In it addition, it is not just Mars that appears in this Surah, but also its satellite “Deimos.” The letters that make up the name of “Deimos,” which orbits Mars, appear side by side in verse 30 of Surat al-Ahqaf. These things are all examples of the infinite knowledge and wisdom our Lord, He who is unfettered by time, manifests in the Qur’an.

* In Arabic, the letter “Waw” is read as a consonant when it appears inside a word

DNA AND THE BEGINNING OF GENETIC HISTORY

The term DNA is an abbreviation of the genetic material in living things. The beginning of the science of genetics dates back to genetic laws drawn up by the scientist Mendel in 1865. The date, a turning point in the history of science, is referred to in verse 65 of Surat al-Kahf, or verse 18:65.

When the appearance of the letters D-N-A (Dal-Nun-Alif in Arabic) side by side in places in the Qur’an is examined, they appear most frequently in verse 65 of Surat al-Kahf.  The letters D-N-A appear side by side three times in this verse, in a most incomparable manner. In no other verse of the Qur’an do the letters “DNA” appear consecutively so often.

The number of this exceptional verse in which the term DNA appears so strikingly is 18:65. These numbers are an expression of the date when the science of genetics began.  This cannot be regarded as a coincidence. Because only in verse 18:65 of the Qur’an do the letters “DNA” appear three times consecutively. This is something miraculous, because the scientific world only came up with the name DNA (Deoxyribo Nucleic Acid) comparatively recently.

In Surat al-Kahf, which refers to DNA and the year 1865 when the science of genetics began, DNA is repeated 7 times, as is RNA (the Arabic letters Ra-Nun-Alif).  Like DNA, the RNA molecule is a molecule giving rise to genetic structure. For that reason, the appearance of DNA and RNA an equal number of times in this Surat is further proof that these molecules were referred to in the Qur’an hundreds of years ago. (Allah knows the truth.)

QUANTUM PHYSICS

At the time of the revelation of the Qur’an, quantum physics and atomic sub-articles were unknown. But in terms of both the facts indicated by and the sequences of letters within the Qur’an, it contains indications of all past and future sciences.  Another example of this can be seen in verses 37 and 39 of Surat al-Kahf, in which the names and weights of these fundamental particles are indicated in a miraculous manner. (Allah knows the truth.)

The letters that make up the word “neutron” (the Arabic letters Nun-Te-Re-Nun) appear consecutively in only two verses in the whole of the Qur’an. One of these is in verse 18:39, which itself expresses the “neutron mass = 1839 me.”

As we have seen, verse 39 of Surat al-Kahf contains references to both the name of the neutron and, in terms of the verse number, of the neutron mass. (Allah knows the truth.) These letters appear consecutively in none of the other thousands of verses, and only in verse 18:39 does the word “neutron” appear.

The same thing applies to the “proton.” The letters comprising the word “proton” (the Arabic letters Be-Re-Te-Nun) appear in relatively greater numbers in the Qur’an compared to the neutron. Only in verse 37 of Surat al-Kahf, verse 18:37, in other words, do the letters comprising the word consecutively from left to right.  The proton mass is “1836-1837 me” and is generally taken as “1837 me.” Therefore, the number of this verse is a direct reference to the mass of the proton, “1837 me.” (Allah knows the truth.)

* There is no letter “P” in Arabic, the letter “Be” being used instead.

The words “neutron” and “proton” are written essentially the same way in Turkish, English, Arabic and other languages. Another verse that refers to these particles that comprise atoms reads as follows:

… Not even the smallest speck eludes your Lord, either on Earth or in heaven. Nor is there anything smaller than that, or larger, which is not in a Clear Book. (Surah Yunus, 61)

THE OZONE LAYER

The word “ozone” is written and read in just about the same way in Arabic, Turkish and other foreign languages.  The letters that comprise the word ozone appear side by side in verse 6 of Surat al-Jinn. Moreover, the verses that follow refer to the “protective” nature of the sky:

We tried, as usual, to travel to heaven in search of news but found it filled with fierce guards and meteors. (Surat al-Jinn, 8)

The “guards” in the sky is highly compatible with the ozone layer of the atmosphere. Because it is the protective layer in the sky, keeping harmful rays away from the Earth.

The appearance side by side of the letters that comprise the world ozone, and in the above verse that refers to the “protective” nature of the sky, cannot be explained by chance. This is a miracle created in the Qur’an by our Lord.

UNDERGROUND ENERGY RESOURCES: PETROL

Petrol, the one of the most important sources of energy, was first referred to by that name in a book titled De Re Metallica (On the Nature of Minerals), published in 1556 by the German Georgius Agricola. There are also important references to this important energy resource, named only many hundreds of years later, in the Qur’an. (Allah knows the truth.)

The letters that comprise the word “petrol” appear side by side in only one verse of the Qur’an. The Arabic words “fee thulumati al-ardi” in verse 59 of Surat al-An’am, meaning “the darkness of the earth,” appear in the same verse and suggest the subterranean formation of petrol.

…. He knows everything in the land and sea. No leaf falls without His knowing it. There is no seed in the darkness of the earth, and nothing moist or dry which is not in a Clear Book. (Surat al-An’am, 59)

The word petrol, which began being used hundreds of years after the revelation of the Qur’an, is written or read pretty much the same in different languages, such as Turkish, English and Arabic…

* There is no letter “P” in Arabic, the letter “Be” being used as its equivalent.

When scientists describe how petrol is formed, they refer to it emerging after a long period of time from plant and animal remains. Another verse of the Qur’an that suggests this reads:

He Who brings forth green pasture, then makes it blackened stubble. (Surat al-A’la, 4-5)

(For a more detailed account, see Harun Yahya, Allah’s Miracles in the Qur’an, Vol. 1, 8th edition, July 2006)

THE RETINA: THE LAYER OF THE EYE

The retina is a layer of the eye that contains cells that allow us to see. At the time of the revelation of the Qur’an, this layer that made sight possible was unknown and the term retina was not in use. Yet the letters that comprise the word “retina” appear side by side in only one place in the Qur’an, in verse 8 of Surah Fatir. This verse also refers to “seeing,” for which reason there is a strong possibility that it refers to the retina. (Allah knows the truth.)

And what of him the evil of whose actions seem fine to him so that he sees them as good? Allah misguides whoever He wills and guides whoever He wills. So do not let yourself waste away out of regret for them. Allah knows what they do… (Surah Fatir, 8)

* The Arabic alphabet consists of consonants alone. The letter alif is used to influence the way words are read.

This verse, which contains the word “retina” that makes sight possible, refers to the Arabic verb “raa,” meaning “to see.” Verse 19 contains the sentence “The blind and seeing are not the same.” Damage to the retina can lead to permanent blindness. Verse 20 refers to “nor are darkness and light.” That term is highly significant in terms of the formation of the retina’s light-sensitive calls. All these terms regarding sight are very rare in the Qur’an. The fact that the word “retina” appears only in these verses out of thousands, is another of Allah’s miracles in the Qur’an.

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